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Plasma computer – future of computers

Controversial book search engine can be co-branded and embedded on publishers’ sites.

Google Offers Book SearchGoogle is making its controversial engine available to publishers interested in putting it on their Web sites.

This is the first time Google’s Book Search service has been available outside of its main site in the Google.com domain.

This co-branded search program benefits Google because the search engine will now be available more broadly. Meanwhile, publishers benefit by offering an additional search service to their Web site visitors.

Publishers can tailor the index of their search engine so that only books published by them show up in the query results, Google said Friday. As in the main Book Search site, these result pages give users the option to link to online shops that sell the listed books.

Interestingly, one of the publishers that put Book Search on its Web site is The McGraw-Hill Companies. Along with other major publishers, McGraw-Hill is suing Google for copyright infringement over Google’s ongoing project to scan millions of copyright books without permission.

Although McGraw-Hill’s position may seem at first contradictory, it stems from the fact that Google’s Book Search service has two main pieces.

One focuses on securing formal partnerships with publishers, obtaining their permission to scan books and giving them control over how much of those books can be displayed by Google for free.

McGraw-Hill is one of about 10,000 publishers that participate in this partner program with Google that have collectively made available about 1 million titles for scanning so far, said Tom Turvey, director of Google Book Search partnerships. About 50 publishers have embedded Book Search in their sites already, and many more are in line to do so, Turvey said. McGraw-Hill didn’t immediately reply to a request for comment.

Simultaneously, McGraw-Hill objects to the other portion of the Book Search operation, in which Google partners with major academic libraries to scan large portions of their collections. Those library scanning operations often involve copyright books, which Google is digitally copying without obtaining permission from publishers and authors.

 

 

As users store more data online, hackers are finding ways to break into the new service sites. Experts say the problems are deep-seated.

Samy Kamkar was really just trying to impress girls. Instead, he made Web hacking history.

Kamkar created what is considered the first Web 2.0 worm–a virulent bug that no firewall could block, and which ultimately forced MySpace.com to temporarily shut down. The Samy worm (named after Kamkar) was among the more prominent of a new generation of Web attacks that some security experts fear may slow the fast-evolving collaborative model of Internet development known as Web 2.0.

Kamkar was looking for a way to circumvent MySpace’s content-posting restrictions to jazz up his profile when he found a bug that essentially allowed him to control the browser of anyone who visited his MySpace page. “A Chipotle burrito and a few clicks” later, Kamkar says, he created the fastest-spreading Web-based worm of all time.

Within 20 hours, the worm had spread to approximately 1 million MySpace users, forcing them to select Kamkar as their “hero” in their profile page. News Corporation, the site’s owner, had to pull down MySpace to fix the problem, and Kamkar later received three years’ probation in Los Angeles Superior Court.

As a Web 2.0 worm, Samy signaled the start of a shift in Web security concerns. Past worms such as MyDoom and Sobig clobbered systems and caused days of technical problems for system administrators to contend with. Kamkar’s worm didn’t do anything to harm MySpace users’ computers, but it threatened their data online. And though the affected MySpace users couldn’t apply a patch or update their antivirus software to handle the problem, once MySpace fixed the issue on its servers, it was fixed globally.

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